Senate Democrats are racing to mend a crucial eleventh-hour disagreement over whether to trim the boosted unemployment benefits included in President Joe Biden’s $1.9 trillion coronavirus relief package.
Some moderate Democrats are calling for more narrow targeting of the aid bill’s unemployment benefits and stimulus checks, including cutting the weekly federal benefits the bill would add from $400 to $300 — while extending that money over a longer period of time. That debate is taking place roughly 24 hours before party leaders want the bill on the floor.
"Three hundred dollars is where we’ve been. It’s consistent with what we’ve been doing. It’s kind of hard to explain you’re getting a bump up now basically, when you’re ready to come off,” said Sen. Joe Manchin (D-W.Va.), one of the moderates making the last-minute push.
He said in an interview he worries that increased benefits could make it harder for employees to return to their workplaces, and that by the summer “there should be doors opening up, ready to go.” But Democratic leaders are still unconvinced about the change.
“They call it targeting, which means the sum total may not change, but the allocation of it may,” said Senate Majority Whip Dick Durbin (D-Ill.). “I don’t agree with them on the unemployment part." Narrower targeting of the aid bill’s stimulus checks, Durbin said, "is being discussed.”
Democrats don’t have much time to fight about the massive Covid measure, with debate set to begin as early as Wednesday. Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer is vowing to send the bill to Biden’s desk before March 14, when boosted federal unemployment benefits will expire. The previous coronavirus relief package, which Congress passed in December, allocated $300 extra in weekly unemployment benefits to help with pandemic recovery.
A group of moderate Senate Democrats spoke with Biden Monday about the coronavirus relief package, and the president spoke to the entire Democratic caucus Tuesday during their virtual lunch. During the lunch, senators discussed unemployment insurance but did not wade deeply into the party’s still simmering debate over how to raise the minimum wage, according to a source on the call.
During the call, which lasted about 15 minutes, Biden thanked Democratic senators for being on board with his Covid relief push and contended that the measure has bipartisan support outside the Beltway given its popularity in public polling, the source added. Biden also warned fellow Democrats that they might have to swallow policy decisions they don’t like in order to get the package done. He did not take any questions.
“I would say he was stressing the urgency of the bill,” said Sen. Ben Cardin (D-Md.), who added that "there are still open issues when it comes to unemployment insurance and he finds $400 "certainly reasonable."
Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) said that he thinks “the president believes" the unemployment insurance boost should stay at $400. But Manchin said he didn’t recall Biden taking a hard line and said that “Joe’s in a hard position because he’s got people beating him up all over the board.”
“He’s more inclined to let the process work,” Manchin said of Biden’s trust in Senate Democrats to work it out.
Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, meanwhile, vowed that the GOP will fight the bill “in every way that we can” and urged his entire conference to oppose it unanimously. Minority Whip John Thune (R-S.D.) said Republicans want Democrats to “own” the legislation.
The U.S. Chamber of Commerce is endorsing the push to pare back Biden’s bill. "We need Congress to get the policy right with highly targeted aid for those most in need," said Neil Bradley, executive vice president and chief policy officer for the Chamber, in a statement. “As currently drafted, the American Rescue Plan fails the test.”
Senate Democrats said Monday evening that they will need to make changes to the version of the coronavirus relief legislation that the House passed last week. That package included a provision that would increase the federal minimum wage to $15 an hour by 2025, which the Senate’s parliamentarian has said would violate the chamber’s rules if it remains on the legislation.
“My guess is it’s probably going to change, but pretty modestly. That’d be my guess,” Sen. Jon Tester (D-Mont.) said Monday evening.
The Senate parliamentarian separately ruled Monday night that Democrats can keep health subsidies in the bill to help laid-off workers remain on their former employers’ health insurance. Democrats have drafted several versions of the bill to comply with Senate rules. Nothing has been finalized yet ahead of Senate floor debate.
Democrats are barreling toward a marathon voting session on the coronavirus package as soon as Thursday. Any senator can offer an amendment to the bill in what’s likely to become an all-night affair on the Senate floor.
Once the Senate bill is passed, the House will need to take it up again with the Senate-passed changes before Congress can send the legislation to Biden’s desk.
“There really isn’t a lot of dispute about the overall size of the bill,” said Sen. Angus King (I-Maine) on Monday. “The question is whether it can be targeted in such a way as to better serve the people who need the most and perhaps free up funds for other priorities.